The ISO 22000 international standard specifies the requirements for a food safety management system. Communication along the food chain is essential to ensure that all relevant food safety hazards are identified and adequately controlled at each step within the food chain. This implies communication between organizations both upstream and downstream in the food chain. Communication with customers and suppliers about identified hazards and control measures will assist in clarifying customer and supplier requirements. Recognition of the organization’s role and position within the food chain is essential to ensure effective interactive communication throughout the chain in order to deliver safe food products to the final consumer.
ISO 22000 can be applied independently of other management system standards or integrated with existing management system requirements. ISO 22000 requires that all hazards that may be reasonably expected to occur in the food chain, including hazards that may be associated with the type of process and facilities used, are identified and assessed.
Though based on ISO 9001, ISO 22000 has been specifically adapted to the situation in the food industry by integrating the requirements of HACCP, an internationally recognised food safety system that identifies, prevents, eliminates or reduces to an acceptable level potential physical, chemical and biological hazards by preventive means rather than finished product inspections.